Another way to test transistor is to put it into a circuit and detect the operation. The following circuit is a multivibrator. The “test transistor” is T2. The supply voltage can be up to 12v. The LED will blink when a good transistor is fitted to the circuit.
Fig. 4.7: Oscillator to test transistors
To test PNP transistors, same would go, only the transistor which would need to be replaced is the T1, and the battery, LED, C1 and C2 should be reversed.